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Detector & Technology
The largest volume detector ever constructed for a particle collider, ATLAS has the dimensions of a cylinder, 46m long, 25m in diameter, and sits in a cavern 100m below ground. The ATLAS detector weighs 7,000 tonnes, similar to the weight of the Eiffel Tower.
The detector itself is a many-layered instrument designed to detect some of the tiniest yet most energetic particles ever created on earth. It consists of six different detecting subsystems wrapped concentrically in layers around the collision point to record the trajectory, momentum, and energy of particles, allowing them to be individually identified and measured. A huge magnet system bends the paths of the charged particles so that their momenta can be measured as precisely as possible.
Beams of particles travelling at energies up to seven trillion electron-volts, or speeds up to 99.999999% that of light, from the LHC collide at the centre of the ATLAS detector producing collision debris in the form of new particles which fly out in all directions. Over a billion particle interactions take place in the ATLAS detector every second, a data rate equivalent to 20 simultaneous telephone conversations held by every person on the earth. Only one in a million collisions are flagged as potentially interesting and recorded for further study. The detector tracks and identifies particles to investigate a wide range of physics, from the study of the Higgs boson and top quark to the search for extra dimensions and particles that could make up dark matter.
Take a virtual walk around the ATLAS Detector in the cavern at Point 1 of the LHC.
The four major components of the ATLAS detector are the Inner Detector, the Calorimeter, the Muon Spectrometer and the Magnet System. Integrated with the detector components are: the Trigger and Data Acquisition System, a specialized multi-level computing system, which selects physics events with distinguishing characteristics; and the Computing System, which develops and improves computing software used to store, process and analyse vast amounts of collision data at 130 computing centres worldwide.
Measures the momentum of each charged particle
Measures energies carried by neutral and charged particles
Identifies and measures the momenta of muons
Bends the trajectories of each charged particle to allow the measurement of its momentum
A specialised multi-level computing system, which selects physics events with distinguishing characteristics
Developing and improving computing software used to store, process and analyse vast amounts of collision data at 100 computing centres worldwide
Many cutting-edge technologies developed for the ATLAS Experiment have found new applications in other fields